Wednesday, January 17, 2007


LEKH No 2 Part 1


The Infinite Lord is immaculate and pure.

Present within us is His light / soul. This too is pure.

Around our soul is the covering of ‘ego’.

This ‘ego’ emerged from the defiled and impure ‘maya’ (worldliness). So our ‘ego’ is impure as well.

To put it another way, the divine soul within us is pure but the covering of ‘ego’ that surrounds it is defiled (impure).

As our ego - ridden mind living in the midst of ‘maya’ (worldliness) gets more and more absorbed into it, it gets more and more defiled (polluted).

If there is a ‘mark’ of dirt on a clean piece of cloth, then this dirty mark ‘attracts’ dust and that mark becomes even more pronounced (obvious). Flies etc. too like to sit in polluted and dirty places.

That the vices of others have the power or ability to influence us is proof enough that our minds are polluted.

In the same way if the ‘pollution of worldliness’ is stuck to our mind, then it gets influenced and attracted by other things that are polluted. For this reason, living in the world under the influence of maya (worldliness) over many births, our mind has become ‘pitch black’ and slag like (refuse of smelted iron). Gurbani says:

1.1 Having been smeared with the filth of pride/ego the world suffers pain. This filth of pride attaches because of worldly love. 39

1.2 The pride of wealth is but filth and the soul is filled with the filth of the pride of wealth. 570

1.3 The scum of many births is attached to this soul and it has gone pitch black.
The oilman’s rag becomes not white by washing even though it be washed a hundred times. 651

1.4 Impure is the body which is soiled with the filth of ego.
Though washed a hundred times, even then the filth is not removed. 1045


With a pair of dark spectacles, all things appear black even if they are of some other colour. In the same way, over our mind, we have donned (placed) a pair of dark spectacles, and this is the reason why everything that we see is black meaning ‘polluted’. That is why we are unable to see the good or the reality of anything.

This polluted condition of our mind is referred to as ‘bharam bhulawa’ (doubt ridden fallacy).

2.1 Without the Naam the entire world is dirty and wondering in duality it loses its honour. 1234

2.2 In the darkness of spiritual ignorance, the man sees nothing and again and again wonders in transmigration. 610

With such a doubt ridden view, we cannot possibly have an insight into the good, the lofty and divine things or virtues. On the other hand we even infect these virtues with the colour of our defiled views. This doubt ridden condition is referred to ignorance.

It is such a sad and ludicrous thing that even with the presence of the pure, divine ‘soul’ within us, that we being enmeshed (engrossed), have wasted our entire life in the darkness of the doubt ridden fallacy and ignorance.

2.3 This mistaken bride wonders in foreign lands and it is the mistaken one who forsaking her home moves out.
In suspicion her mind wavers and missing the path she ascends the table- land and mountains
How can she, who is separated from the Primal Being meet Him? Doped by egoism she bewails. 60

2.4 Being entangled and enmeshed in the love of false occupations the whole world has perished. 133

2.5 They worship not the all pervading soul. How can they obtain peace from another.
Within them is the filth of ego. They do not wash it away with the Lord’s Naam.
Nanak losing the invaluable human life without the Naam, they die in filth. 1414

In this state of ignorance and doubt, we are unable to have confidence or faith on the lofty, the good, the beautiful and with a superficial mind we ‘put on a show or front’ of being religious.


3.1 Knowing not of filth attaching to his inner self, he rubs and cleanses externally. 139

3.2 The man performs four rituals and six religious rites. In these the worldly men are engrossed.
From within they are not cleansed of the filth of ego and without the guru they lose the game. 459

3.3 The men of miracles roam about misled by maya (worldliness) and the embrace not contemplation in sublime love.
Maya (worldliness) is pervading the three worlds and clinging fast to the mortals. 67

From such a polluted mind only base (lowly) and ‘defiled thoughts’ or tendencies can emerge - such as


getting hot
ill mannered
revenge etc.

If someone in someway

takes advantage
does injustice
shows contempt
behaves immorally


etc. thenthe pain inflicted on the mind causes anger to rise in that person.

In reality the main cause of all anger is man’s ‘ego’. The ego is the root of respect/honour, desires, intentions and imagination. When this (need) is not fulfilled, the mind puts the blame on to a ‘culprit’ and directs against the culprit its anger, complaint, hatred, enmity-rivalry, quarrel ,opposition etc.

It is natural to expect this ‘anger’ among worldly people, but sometimes we are not deterred from showing anger against gurmukh piares, spiritually evolved souls, saints prophets, gurus, avtars and even ‘God’ is not spared.

4.1 Without enmity is the Divine, True Guru who in his mind is ever tuned to the Lord..
Whosoever practices enmity with the one who is without enmity, he sets fire to his own house.
Within him is wrath and ego where with he burns day and ever suffers sorrow. 1415

When someone relates to us in a way that we do not like or approve of, in other words that which hurts our ego or ‘me-mine’, then complaints, displeasure, anger wells up (arises) within us.

In reality our ‘ego’ tainted mind is reacting to, the external effect of the good - bad environment and the fine wires of our ego begin to vibrate with the ‘waves’ of anger.

As we recapitulate (remember) these moments of anger and grievance or we continually keep thinking of the same thing (or keep grinding the same matter) then slowly our ‘anger’ turns into a habit or it becomes a part of our life and penetrates, percolates and seeps into our subconscious.

The effect of the anger that we have ‘nurtured’ becomes our personality. This (moment of ) anger that has become permanent, settles into the subconscious mind and then our









keeps surfacing in almost every part of our life. The result of all this is very damaging / harmful to man.

It is because of ‘anger and grievance’ that our mind and body becomes diseased. Connected with this is an advice filled example, printed in a magazine ‘Readers Digest’ that comes to my mind.

“Two lady friends in America enjoyed a very loving relationship. Separation from each other was unthinkable. After some time differences arose between the two, which continued to increase to a point where it changed into contemptuous enmity. The pain in the joints of one of them became so acute that to get up or sit, even moving around became a very painful affair. She looked for cures every but there was no relief.

Finally she went to a ‘psychiatrist’. After studying the case, he said, “There is no way you can be cured by taking medicines. For you there is only one cure which you yourself can carry out; and that is forget all your anger and grievances against your friend and start loving her.” At first she became very disturbed. This thing can never happen. But as the saying goes, ‘When faced with death what is it that one does not do’ when the pains caused intense suffering, she let go of the anger and hatred and made up with her friend. Subsequently they both began to live as lovingly as before. This resulted in the pain easing off little by little and over a few months the pain disappeared completely.

Incidents such as these are a common occurrence.

Our ‘mental diseases’ too can become chronic or incurable like leprosy or TB But the important point to understand is that, while physical diseases end with the death of the physical, the foundation of the ‘mental diseases’ which have penetrated our subconscious mind, accompany us in our subsequent births. The next birth too becomes unbearably painful. In this way the ‘vicious cycle of the ‘mental diseases, keeps on repeating.

When our anger, complaints and contempt etc. result in such frightening consequences, then it is imperative for us to seriously ponder and take steps to protect ourselves.

For the spiritual travellers, it is extremely important that they first make an effort to completely eradicate from their mind all anger, grievance, complaints and unhappiness. As long as our mind and the sub conscious are not purified, until then the desire to worship will not germinate in our hearts. That is why it is stated in Gurbani:

6.1 O my mind, why are you angry?
In the dark age reap the profit of the Lord’s Name. Under Guru’s instructions night and day contemplate on it (the Name) in your mind. 1262

6.2 With dirty mind God’s meditation cannot be done nor is the Name obtained. 6.2

The ‘mind’ like water is restless and it continues to absorb all kinds of external and internal influences. Pondering over these influences, it (the mind) carefully stores them and in this way, under that influence it continues to become defiled or pure. The main point that emerges from this alternating (positive or negative) states is - the external influence on the mind. It is our ego that receives this external influence. This external influence is absorbed by our ego.

As an illustration there is this story: Someone asked a sadhu (a holy man) ‘What is your name?’ He replied, ‘Seetal Das.’ After a while the same person asked the sadhu the same question and continued to ask that question many more times. Each time the sadhu answered, his irritation increased. Finally the sadhu ‘Seetal Das’ (seetal means cool) filled with rage, chased the person with a wooden staff and ended up becoming ‘Agan Das’ (agan means fire). It is clear from this story that the sadhu’s ego had not been killed. His ego was hurt and in a state of ‘anger’ he became a victim of bitterness.

Let’s ponder carefully over another example. Someone used many vulgar words and provocative words against Mahatma Buddha, but Mahatma Ji remained calm. When that person got tired of uttering abuse, Mahatma Ji offered him a piece of stone and said, “This is for you. Take it.” The man replied, “I don’t want it.” Mahatma Ji explained, “If something is given to some and that person refuses to accept it, them that thing remains in the hands (of the giver). So those vulgar words of yours that were meant for, I didn’t accept them. Hence they still remain with you.”

It is clear from this story that in the absence of ego, Mahatma Ji did not succumb to the effect of the vulgar words. Thus he felt no anger and remained calm.

Another example is given here about being affected or not affected by external influence.

When sparks from a huge fire fall in all directions and if one the sparks happens to fall on dried grass and leaves, that heap turns to ash immediately. If that spark of fire falls on small twigs, then the fire (that results) continues to burn for a long time. If it falls on kerosene oil, it bursts immediately into a big flame and things close-by also get burnt. But if spark falls on petrol or gas then it explodes like a bomb, causing destruction over a great distance.


On the other hand if that spark lands on cement or on stone, the spark itself gets destroyed. It has no effect whatsoever on the stone. If that spark were to fall on water, it has no effect on the water on the contrary, water puts off the spark.

From all this it is clear that the extent to which we succumb to outside influences
depends on the state of our minds. What this means is that the tolerance power of our inflammable minds determine the degree to which we succumb to outside influences.

The second important point is, succumbing to some outside influence and then keep on thinking of it, meditating on it. For example if a mother in law passes a sarcastic remark at her daughter in law (implying that she is ) -

low caste
daughter of a vagabond etc.

then in the mind of the ‘daughter in law’ the sarcastic, sharp words so pierce into her, that being obsessed with the same thought and irritation, she continues to meditate on these words thus causing her pain. With all this her mind gets consumed in anger, hatred and fury and slowly the soot of anger penetrates into her subconscious. The detrimental influence of this pollution affects her body, her behaviour and personality.

In this polluted state of the mind if someone treats us badly, we are never ready to forgive him - on the contrary we even try to blacken his good points and condemn him for good. (To top all this) we even register his name in our ‘black list’.

Even if he tries to apologise or make an effort to reform, we are not ready to remove him from our black list.

In this way, instead of the ‘black list’ becoming smaller, it becomes even longer. In such a polluted state, the mind is incapable of seeing any virtue or good in anyone. On the contrary, ‘its polluted state’ even affects the good and the virtuous.

9.1 People accumulate demerits. No one deals in virtues. 1092

9.2 The evil person has forgotten the Naam. The drowned one, what remedy does he know.
Forsaking merit, he, the trader of sin, has loaded the poison of demerit 580

Even if someone from the ‘black list’ dies, we continue to hold enmity, hatred and anger-grievance against that person.

In our mind, heart, intellect and the subconscious, the ‘black list’ ones are in the majority. On the other hand, the ‘white list’ beings (who are) lofty and pure, the beloveds, guru-orientated and free from defilement (vice) are very much smaller in number. This is because in our polluted state of mind, we find it difficult to develop faith and desire for the good and evolved beings. That is why the ‘black list’ ones are in majority and little by little they achieve majority ‘status’.

In this way with the slightest of irritation or by remembering an opponent or a ‘black listed’ one, we open the ‘knots’ or ‘files’ of anger and complaints, resurrect the old story, refresh the memory with the forgotten incident and keep ‘simmering’ within the mind. More than this, with regularity, we open the knot or file, first of this person , then of another person from this ‘black list’ and in vain we keep burning, suffering and simmering. I have heard this being said, “Oh! why did you ever mention her name. The moment I hear the name of that ‘witch’ (my whole system) together with clothes catches fire.”

In this poisonous ‘fiery ocean of grief’ such unlucky people take birth, live and after death become victims of death’s couriers(Jum). Externally they may assume any religious order, but their internal ‘core religion’


is, to burn, seethe and simmer in the poison of anger, grievance, hatred, discrimination, enmity-opposition and like an ‘itch’ (that begs scratching) they derive satisfaction from all this.

Apart from the self afflicted poisonous flames within themselves, they appear oblivious to the large amount of goodness, nobleness and beauty of divine virtues or, perhaps they are pretending to be oblivious.

Without the company of the evolved souls and the blessings of the True Guru, such unfortunate souls can never escape from the self ignited ‘poisonous furnace’.

10.1 By holding on to the saint’s skirt this world ocean is crossed. 218

10.2 Through the society of saints the terrible ocean of fire, one is ferried across. 615
10.3 Attach me to the skirt of the saint’s society that I may cross the formidable stream. 702

10.4 Abiding in the society of saints all the sins hasten away. 811

10.5 The dreadful formidable and unfathomable world ocean is crossed through the Guru’s Instructions. 962

In this way our whole life burns, seethes, is consumed and becomes hell - like in


Our defiled and hate filled inclination, not only consumes our mind, heart, intellect and the subconscious but the other ‘being’ too is affected by the ‘waves’ of this defiled inclination and in his mind too arise baser tendencies and emotions of anger-grievance-disgust. Slowly we implant in his heart our kind of emotions that are intense with loathing, enmity and rivalry and make them all the more pointed and powerful.

This is the reason why with so many

paaths (prayer reading)
religious texts
places of worship
religious sermons
places of study
public societies
scientific advancement

and inspite of them -

in our heart

in homes

amongst neighbours

in residential places

in villages

in towns

amongst communities

in countries

in the world

there is an increase in suspicion, doubt, anger, grievance, envy-rivalry etc. This is why, in the whole world, contempt, anxiety, rivalry, tension, fighting and cruelties predominate and prevail.

God , made man his ‘supreme heir’ and bestowed on him superior virtues and raised him to the level of ‘God’s own radiant creation’ and for his livelihood and comfort blessed him with unlimited nature’s resources (gifts).

But it is deeply regretful and disgraceful that this

beautiful creation

‘the cottage of the Lord of Truth’

‘Wondrous nature’

‘heaven like’

world protector

MAN, through his ego ridden mind’s

low thinking

polluted tendencies

base sensuality





has affected creation and converted it into

‘the burning mankind’
‘scorching ocean of grief’
‘terrible ocean of grief’
pit of hell

pyre of anxiety

In this way we are responsible for creating heinous sins.

Daily we make an effort to keep the inside, the outside and the area around the house clean, by sweeping and mopping, dusting tables and chairs and furniture, by wiping doors and windows.

In this way all of us together with the family members are continuously involved in keeping the inside and the outside clean.

If children carelessly throw peels or rubbish, we take them to task and immediately we through out the rubbish and clean up the place.

If a storm appears, at once we close all doors and windows so that rubbish and dust from the outside does not come in. After the storm the inside as well as the outside are cleaned up.

In spite of so much care and cautiousness, still there is a need to clean the inside and the outside daily.


In the same way to keep the physical body clean, we bathe with soap and water daily. We wash our face several times - even then the physical body gets dirty and we have to keep bathing and washing ourselves.

Similarly, daily we take off our dirty clothes and put on clean ones. These become dirty by the evening and we are forced to wash them regularly.

It is clear from the above points about our daily life, that we are ‘aware’ of the need for cleanliness of our physical body and the environment. To fulfill this need we have to make numerous efforts, have discipline, determination and spend money (as well).

Pertaining to the physical body and the environment the need,

to protect oneself from pollution and
maintain cleanliness

is naturally present within us, but the degree (of the need) depends on the individual’s power of realization.

This natural power of realisation to some extent is helpful and advantages in keeping us happy.

The strange thing is that, we take so much care and effort about external physical cleanliness, but as regards our

internal mental defilement (pollution)


never pay attention
never think about it
are ignorant
are unconcerned
are indifferent or
knowingly we pretend to be unaware.

In fact all religions and religious texts sternly warn us about this ‘internal mental defilement (pollution)’ and advice us on how to protect ourselves from it, but we, pay no heed to these warnings and sublime advice,


never consider it, or at the most make a show (of being aware).

In Gurbani, warning about this mental defilement (pollution) is given as follows:

15.1 Man washes his clothes and washes his body and thinks that he is automatically rendered pure.
Knowing not of the filth attaching to his inner self he rubs and cleanses himself externally. 139

15.2 When the mind is filthy everything else is filthy.
By washing the body, the mind does not become pure. 558

15.3 Within you is the great filth of greed and falsehood. Why do you wash your outside? 598

15.4 Of what use is it to wash the body.
When there is filth in the mind.
The bitter gourd may bathe at the sixty eight shrines.
Even then its bitterness departs not. 656

The value of external cleanliness is limited only to the external life - but the consequence of internal mental ‘pollution’, besides this life, will have to be faced in the births hereafter too.

15.5 Polluted with pride, the man wanders about and dies and is born again and again.
He acts in accordance with his (past actions) which cannot be erased. 756

In spite of this we continue limit the whole of our attention, effort and measures on ‘external cleanliness’. We pay not the least attention to the ‘internal mental pollution’.

In spite of our

higher learning
higher living
modern science
novel society
religious preaching

we are unaware or have no knowledge of this serious decline and as such are unable to know, unravel or feel (the presence of) our ‘internal mental pollution’.

In this way, unknown to us, in the doubt ridden fallacy of our mental and spiritual ignorance,

daily we are contributing to the growth of this ‘internal mental pollution’ and thus purposelessly wasting away our precious life.

This is the reason why our outward

‘paath’ and worship
rites and rituals
bathing at places of pilgrimage
virtuous actions and charity
yogic practices
have no effect on our lives

That is why in our daily life, anger-grievance, jealousy - duality are on the rise and our mental and spiritual level is on the decline.

16.1 Having been smeared with the filth of pride the world suffers pain. The filth of pride attaches because of profane (dirty) love.
By no means is this dirt of ego washed off even though one may have ablutions at hundreds of places of pilgrimage.
By performing rituals in various ways, rather two fold filth attaches to man.
The filth is not removed by acquiring knowledge. Go and consult the divines. 39

16.2 Though man may practice purification day and night.
But the filth of the mind departs not from his body.
Though man may subject his body to much mortification.
Yet evil passion never abandons his mind.
Even though man may wash his transitory body with much water.
How can the frail wall be washed? 265

16.3 The men perform 4 rituals and 6 religious rites. In these the worldly men are engrossed.
From within they are not cleanses of the filth of ego and without the Guru they lose the game(of life) 495

16.4 Even if one learns the postures of the adepts and practices the restraints of his senses,
The dirt of his mind is not removed nor goes the filth of his self conceit 558

16. 5 With his minds desire he may go and abide at a place of pilgrimage and apply his head to the saw.
But his mind’s impurities depart not thus, even though he may make lacs of efforts. 642


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